Agriculture One Liner (Part-1)

Agriculture One Liner (Part-1)

  1. Who is called as father of Agronomy – Peter Decresenzi.
  2. The word Zero tillage and weed are first used by- Jethrotull.
  3. Ability of an agriculture system to maintain inter-regional equity and enhance if required, the flow of its products and services by way of linkage with other systems without damaging its own long-term potential is called- Sustainable System/Agriculture.
  4. The term ecosystem was coined by- G. Tansley (1935).
  5. Crop rotation principle includes pulses in rotation due to- Pulses help in maintaining soil fertility.
  6. Pulses crops which contribute almost 75% of pulse production in India- Gram & Pigeon pea.
  7. Triticale is a cross between- Wheat and Rye.
  8. Biotic components of an ecosystem are- Plants, Animal and microorganism.
  9. Abiotic components of an ecosystem include- Water, Minerals, salts, Atmospheric gases, light, heat and stored energy.
  10. The principal N-fixing algae community of blue green algae (BGA)- Anabaena.
  11. Founder of Relay cropping- Biwant Rajis.
  12. Scientific study of mixed cropping was firstly done by- La-Flitze (1928).
  13. Relay cropping concept was derived from- Relay race.
  14. Cropping System is a component of- Farming system.
  15. An appropriate combination of farm enterprises viz. cropping system, livestock, poultry, fisheries, forestry and other means available to the farmer to raise them for making profitability is called – Farming System.
  16. The Directorate of cropping System research is located at- Modipuram, Meerut, (U.P).
  17. White tag denotes foundation seed.

  18. The growing of two or more crops on the same field in a year without deteorating soil fertility is called- Multiple cropping.
  19. When the sub crop is sown to supplement the yield of the main crop, the sub crop is known as- Augmenting crops.
  20. The main crop is grown in the center, surrounded by hardly or thorny crops, the sub crop is known as- Guard crops.
  21. The yield of both crops grown together are found to be higher than the yield of their pure crops on unit area basis, such cropping is known as- Synergetic cropping.
  22. Crops, which may be sold directly from the field without processing likes vegetables, potato etc. are called- Cash Crops.
  23. Cropping Intensity= Total Cropping Area /Total sown area *100.
  24. The practice of raising grasses or pasture, is also known as- Ley-farming.
  25. Growing plants of different height in the same field at the same time is known as- Multi-storeyed cropping.
  26. The best soil for vegetable cultivation is- Sandy loam.
  27. The strongest chemical agent for breaking dormancy is- Potassium Nitrate.
  28. The type of fruit of wheat is- Caryopsis.
  29. CIMMYT, an international crop research institute in Mexico deals with two crops widely grown in India are- Maize & Wheat.
  30. The most critical stage of water in wheat is- Crown root initiation.
  31. The optimum temperature for ideal germination of wheat is 20 to 25 °C.
  32. Norin-10 gene was brought to USA by – S.C. Salamone 1984.
  33. The dwarf winter variety of wheat first time developed through using Norin gene by – O. A. Vogel (USA).
  34. Triple gene dwarf variety of wheat were released in- 1970.
  35. Double gene dwarf varieties of wheat- HD 2204, Janak, UP 215, Pratap, Kalyansona, Arjun, Sonara 64.
  36. Single gene dwarf varieties of wheat are- Sonalika, Girija, UP-262, Wl711, Lerma Rojo 64A.
  37. The protein found in wheat flour which is helpful for chapati making- Gluten.
  38. Central Zig – Zag axis of wheat is called- Rachis.
  39. Mexican dwarf wheat was evolved by- N. E. Borlaug.
  40. Father of green revolution- Norman E. Borlaug.
  41. Father of green revolution in India- M.S. Swaminathan.
  42. The toxic alkaloid found in the leaves of sorghum crops is- Dhurin or HCN.
  43. First dwarf sorghum hybrid released in 1964- CSH 1.
  44. Which crop is known as camel crops- Sorghum.
  45. Native of Jowar & Bajra is Africa.
  46. The maximum area & Production of jowar is in- Maharashtra.
  47. First hybrid variety of bajara is HB-1 (1965) developed at PAU, Ludhiana.
  48. Protein content in Bajra is 11-12 %.
  49. Coarse grained crops are grown on- Upland areas.
  50. Bajra is sensitive to – water logging and Acidic soil.
  51. The largest producer state of cotton in India is- Gujarat.
  52. Black soil (best for cotton) is mostly found in- MH and Gujarat.
  53. Bad opening of balls is known as- Tirak.
  54. In Cotton, the maturity of fiber is judged by- Arealometer.
  55. First commercial hybrid cotton of the world is Hybrid -4 developed by – C.T. Patel in 1970.
  56. Origin of cotton is- India.
  57. Cotton belongs to family- Malvaceae.
  58. Intra – Specific hybrid of cotton is- Hybrid -6, savita, surya.
  59. Interspecific hybrid of cotton is- Varalaxmi, DCH-32, HB -224 etc.
  60. One seed of cotton has 60000-80000 fibres.
  61. Ginning %= wt. of lint / wt. of seed cotton taken for ginning * 100.
  62. The removal of lower leaves which come in contact with soil and lose their commercial value is known as Priming process.
  63. Priming method is used in – Cigarette and wrapper tobacco.
  64. The process of removal of terminal growing points at a height of 1-1.2m in order to encourage sympodial branching and boll development by diverting energy flow is called- Topping.
  65. After topping the removal of lateral branches or suckers or auxiliary buds is called- Desuckering.
  66. The main aim of Topping and De-suckering is- divert energy and nutrients from flower head to leaves.
  67. Firing of tobacco leaves is due to deficiency of- Potassium.

  68. Central tobacco research institute is situated at- Rajahmundry, AP (1947).
  69. The richest source of protein among the food grain is- Pulses.
  70. Directorate of pulses research is located in- Kanpur, UP.
  71. Which pulse crop doesn’t fix N2 from atmosphere- Rajma.
  72. The word pulse is derived from – French world pottage or poridge means- Soup (dal).
  73. India is the largest producer of- Gram.
  74. The sour taste of gram leaf is due to presence of- Maleic acid & Oxalic acid.
  75. Fluchloralin and pendimethalin are- Pre-emergence herbicides.
  76. Main objective of puddling in paddy is- To create impermeable layer in soil.
  77. Origin of Arhar- Africa.
  78. Queen of cereals is called- Maize.
  79. The composite cultivars of maize are- Kisan, jawahar, Amber, Vijay, Sona, Vikaram, etc.
  80. Maize is a C4 Plant.
  81. Purple coloration of maize is due to deficiency of- Phosphorus.
  82. The idea of hybrid maize was first conceived by- M. east and G.H. Shull (1910).
  83. In India, the state ranks first in area and production of maize is- U.P.
  84. Which Indian scientist shared world food prize for miracle maize- Dr. Surinder K. Vasal (2000).
  85. Double cross technique for hybrid seed production was developed by- F. Jones (1920).

    Read also…Difference between C3, C4 & CAM Plants
  86. The maize Protein is called- Zein.
  87. Male inflorescence of maize is called- Tassel.
  88. The critical stage for water application in maize is- Tasseling and silking stage.
  89. Origin of maize- Mexico.
  90. All India Coordinated Maize Improvement Project was started in- 1957 at New Delhi.
  91. Sugarcane is planted in furrows because- It reduces lodging.
  92. Sucrose content in cane is- 13-14 %.
  93. Inflorescence of sugarcane is generally called- Arrow or open panicle.
  94. Sugarcane breeding Institute is situated at- Coimbatore (Tamilnadu).
  95. The criteria for harvesting of sugarcane- withering of lower leaves, brix 20%, sucrose 15 %.
  96. Adsali sugarcane (mature in 18-months) is common in- Maharashtra.
  97. Sugar from juice is- 6-10%.
  98. Hand refractometer reading for sugarcane maturity is- 20.
  99. Father of hybrid rice is- Yuan Long Pin.
  100. The ideal cardinal temperature for germination of rice seed is- 30-320C.
  101. Puddling of soil for transplanting paddy is done- to control weeds and to reduce rate of infiltration.
  102. DAPOG method of crop raising is associated with- Nursery Raising.
  103. India’s first dwarf rice variety released in 1968- Jaya.
  104. The rice variety containing “Dee-geo-woo-gen” is- IR-8.
  105. World’s first high yielding semi dwarf basmati rice variety is- Pusa Basmati-1.
  106. World’s first super rice variety for saline/alkaline soil- Lunishree.
  107. Which gas is released from field of paddy- Methane (CH4).
  108. Harvesting of paddy is done when moisture content is- 21-23 %.
  109. First mutant variety of rice is- Jagannath (gamma ray irradiation of T-141).
  110. SRI technique was originated in Madagascar in 1987 by prof. Henry De Laulanie.
  111. First super fine aromatic basmati hybrid is- Pusa RH-10.
  112. Khaira disease of rice can be controlled by spraying- Zinc Sulphate.
  113. National Research Centre for groundnut was established at- Junagarh (Gujarat).
  114. National Seed project was launched in- 1976.
  115. All India Coordinated Project on Oilseeds was established in- 1967.
  116. Which green manure crop is commonly used for green manuring in India- Dhaincha.
  117. Main adulteration in mustard- Argemone mexicana oil.
  118. Mustard fruit is known as- Siliqua.
  119. Pungency of mustard is due to- Isothiocyanate.
  120. National seed corporation was established in- March,1963.
  121. Seed Act was passed in- Dec 29, 1966.

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